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Flat Roof Replacement Process

Because everyone’s home and needs are different, build the roof system that is right for you, customized with exclusive features to fit your home for enhanced performance.


The details of a flat roof are more complicated than pitched roofs. Their complexity requires training and experience. The various materials and systems are designed to last from 10 to 30 plus years. Some flat roof owners have become accustomed to replacing their flat roof every 10 years. Do your homework before you decide on a roof or a roofer. You get what you pay for. Not all flat roof material types have been shown in the “Design Your Flat Roof Section” as there are too many to display.


1. Tear off and haul away the roof system, including plumber’s flashings and vents. Remove or hammer nails flush with sheeting/roof deck.
2. Inspect entire roof area for dry rot damage in roof deck and replace with new.
3. Inspect entire edge perimeter for dry rot in fascia boards and barge rafters and replace with new.
4. Have HVAC contractor disconnect AC unit(s).
5. Replace rotten “sleepers” and blocks with new pressure-treated lumber. Anchor AC unit(s) to sleepers, OR, construct a new platform to accommodate AC unit(s). Platform to have a new metal cap that hangs over the side of the platform to overlap the new roof. Anchor the AC unit(s) to the platform.
6. Have the HVAC contractor reconnect AC unit(s).
7. Add new AC disconnects where needed.
8. Install fire sheet or EPS fanfold insulation over roof where needed.
9. Take roof above apart and tie in with materials to match roof above, where applicable.
Design FiberTite (KEE) single ply roof, including membrane, boots, flashing vents, curbs, perimeter flashings and fasteners for entire roof area.
11. Fasten and install FiberTite membrane with FiberTite plates and screws. The color “standard white” is the most popular and reflective. This product qualifies for Title 24 and is Energy Star Certified.
12. Fasten and install FiberTite membrane to parapet, where applicable.
13. Fasten and install FiberTite perimeter flashings, including fascia cap, drip edge, fascia bar. Seal flange of fascia bar/cap with FiberTite caulking where applicable.
14. Install new FiberTite boots over plumbing stacks and weld-band-seal, and caulk, where applicable. Set drains and caps.
15. Install new FiberTite at existing curbs, skylights, where applicable.
16. Install FiberTite safety walking pads from roof access to HVAC equipment and mechanicals for foot traffic personnel, where applicable for rooftop access.
17. Install FiberTite roof vents, one per 1,000 square feet, for vapor drive-moisture control and for increased roof-system wind uplift where applicable.
18. Install roof top safety sign for FiberTite and Eastman Roofing & Waterproofing, describing care, warnings and notices for foot traffic personnel.
19. Clean up all debris and haul away. Sweep lawn, driveway and yard and or parking lot area daily with magnetic sweep.
20. Thirty-year (30) warranty on all material, labor and installation for commercial applications, transferable. Homeowner limited lifetime material, labor and installation warranty, transferable.

  • Flat Roof Systems
  • Existing Roof
  • Flat Insulation
  • Existing Skylights
  • Flashings

Flat Roof Systems

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Material Warranty

Labor Warranty

Workman- ship Warranty

Warranty Covers Ponding Water

Energy Star Rated

Fire Prevention

Flat Systems

A new flat roof is a broad term.  There are many choices in type and design to fit your needs and ensure a long lasting roof.

Why Select FiberTite Roofing Membranes Over Other Roofing Products?

Vs. PVC – It’s the Plasticizer Migration Issue

Conventional PVC membranes rely on very high levels of liquid plasticizer to manufacture a flexible membrane. Over time, heat, UV, chemicals and other environmental contaminants extract the plasticizer to the surface of the membrane where it’s washed away by wind and rain. This plasticizer migration reduces flexibility and leaves the membrane more susceptible to damage from thermal shock, hail impact, and foot traffic. Obtaining a dependable repair weld eventually becomes impossible. Instead of relying on high levels of liquid plasticizer for flexibility during the manufacturing process, FiberTite roofing membranes use the highest Elvaloy KEE content. KEE’s inherent excellent chemical resistance, and the high content combined with the FiberTite proprietary formula allows our roofing membranes to maintain flexibility over time.

Vs. TPO – No Long-Term Track Record

TPO roofing membranes were first introduced in 1992. Yet the majority of TPO manufacturers didn’t enter the market until the mid to late 90s. And TPO continues to be in the experimental phase – all are in their second, third, and in some cases fourth generation of formulations. Because the basic formula of FiberTite roofing membranes was developed from years of experience, we got it right the first time. The FiberTite formula has never changed since its introduction over 25 years ago.

Vs. EPDM – Less Seam Strength, Less Energy Efficiency

EPDM is a thermoset material, which requires a mechanical seal using tape or glue. This mechanical seal becomes the weak link, and can lead to leaking and waterproof issues. FiberTite roofing membranes are made of a thermoplastic material, and provide a molecular weld via sealing the seam with a heat source. Molecular welds are 10 times more secure than that created with a mechanical seaming process. FiberTite is Energy Star compliant and reduces energy costs. As an example, according to the Department of Energy, a white membrane saves $ .07 per square foot every year in ‘cloudy’ Akron, Ohio. Savings in sunnier, warmer climates can save over $ .20 per square foot.

Vs. Built-Up and Modified Bitumen

Potential Installation Issues, Poor Protection from the Elements, and Energy Inefficiencies Built-up roofing (BUR) and Modified Bitumen Roofing systems require the construction of multiple waterproofing membrane layers. Consequently, they are subject to a number of installation errors. Combine these factors with extremely poor resistance to UV, chemical resistance, ponding water and poor energy efficiency, and what you have is an inferior roofing product. Because none of these factors are an issue with single-ply roofing membranes, they continue to take market share from asphalt roofs.

All of the ‘protection’ needed for your roof is engineered into one monolithic FiberTite sheet, reducing the probability of installation error. And FiberTite’s high KEE polymer content provides excellent chemical resistance. In addition, FiberTite roofing membranes provide excellent puncture resistance via the industry’s heaviest fabric, coupled with our proprietary knit design.

Some Other Flat Roof Choices:

Tar and Gravel: Tar and gravel roofs have been around for centuries. They are layers of material glued together with asphalt with a coat of asphalt on top, and gravel embedded in it. They are designed to shed water. Standing water causes the oil in the asphalt to migrate out. Tar and gravel roofs have lost a lot of the market share because of new and better technologies.

Tar and gravel roofs have:

  • No UV protection: Direct sunlight rapidly breaks down asphalt that is not covered with gravel
  • Loose gravel: The layer of gravel that is not embedded into the hot asphalt is loose and can become airborne in strong winds, causing damage. In areas like Florida, these roofs have become outlawed
  • Non-compliant: Current requirements for Title 24 state that roofs must be reflective. Tar and gravel roofs do not meet that requirement
Cap Sheet Roofs:This is a variation of a tar and gravel roof, with layers of material glued together with hot asphalt. The top roll of material has granules embedded into the sheet. Cap sheet roofs are designed to shed water. Standing water causes the oil in the asphalt to migrate out.
  • No UV protection: Direct sunlight rapidly breaks down asphalt that is not covered with granules.
  • Non-compliant: Current requirements for Title 24 state that roofs must be reflective. After the Cap sheet roof is installed, a white acrylic reflective coating can be applied or it can be purchased with the coating already applied.
  • Cap sheet roofs have lost a lot of the market share because of new and better technologies.
Foam Roofs: The typical (SPF) roofing application consists of three components; the substrate, the SPF layer and the topcoat. Sprayed Polyurethane Foam is a combination of isocyanate and polyol. These two components are fed through a proportioner which heats then pumps the two separate components to the spray gun where they are mixed and sprayed onto the substrate creating the “foam insulation.“ Installation specs are stringent for SPF which can only be sprayed during specific weather conditions. If not applied per manufacturer’s specifications, interlaminar blistering can occur, a failure to adhere correctly. Because foam is sprayed on the roof as a liquid by a worker, the result is typically an uneven roof surface causing the “R” value to vary and creating “bird baths.” These shallow ponds can hold water, which in turn decreases the life of the protective topcoat which is typically an acrylic coating. Top coat is typically re-applied every 5 to 10 years.
Acrylic Coatings: Sustainable “green” liquid applied coatings and restoration material that adhere directly to existing roof substrates can be applied to new or existing built-up, EPDM, metal, modified bitumen, concrete, foam and various other materials. Depending upon the existing conditions, budget, desired length of performance, goals of the client, specifications, and mil thickness, –warranties range from 5 to 20 years. ”Material only” warranties and “no dollar limit” material and labor warranties are available. The application can be re-applied when it is needed to continue to extend the life of the roof. Additional coatings for different situations and desired outcomes include asphalt emulsion, various types and grades of acrylic, urethane, silicone, epoxy sealers, and kynar fluoropolymer resin.
Modified Bitumen Roofs:

Modified bitumen looks similar to cap sheet roofs. They can be smooth (black) or have a granule surface. They can be torch-applied (APP), hot asphalt applied (SBS) or self-adhering.

Modified Asphalt: Plastic, rubber and oxygen are added to the asphalt to modify it. It is usually reinforced with a polyester fabric, which helps performance. They are still primarily asphalt, however, and should be kept from of direct UV rays and standing water.

Modified bitumen roofs are:

  • Non-compliant: Current requirements for Title 24 state that roofs must be reflective. After the modified bitumen roof is installed, a white acrylic reflective coating has to be applied or it can be purchased with the coating already applied.

CertainTeed Flintastic SA Brochure

TPO Single-Ply:





Thermal Plastic Ployolefin/TPO was originally introduced in the USA in 1987. TPO is energy star approved and complies with Title 24.

Manufacturers have reformulated and reformulated the product. In 2001, ASTM set standards for formulation. TPO is energy efficient and installs cleanly. Above all, price is the main reason it is used.

Heat, dirt, water and sunlight rapidly deteriorate TPO membranes. NRCA, a large roofing association in the US, released a technical warning about TPO roof systems in 20 They warned "TPO roofs were not to be installed in the southern region of the US, on any roof where a neighboring building can reflect additional light onto the TPO roof below or next to it, any roof with mechanical equipment adding additional heat, or any roof where dirt and water may build up on it. The TPO industry has admitted the failures and is working on creating a membrane to withstand the southern climates. To avoid further warranty losses, most manufacturers are pushing their PVC products, which are considered the best flat roof products available”.

PVC Single Ply:






PolyVinyl Chloride/PVC Single ply was originally invented in Germany shortly after World War II. PVC is energy star approved and complies with Title 24. The high levels of liquid plasticizer keep the PVC material flexible, but deplete from UV exposure, chemicals, heat and time. This degradation eventually makes a dependable repair weld difficult and the membrane may have to be replaced.

Existing Roof

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Long Term Performance

Code Approved

Longest Warranty

Highest Wind Resistance

Flat Existing

If you have only one roof on your structure, it is an acceptable practice, and code-complying, to install a second roof on top of the existing one. If you have a tar and gravel roof, a new FiberTite (KEE) roof may be lighter than the loose gravel on top of the existing tar and gravel roof. The structure should have been designed to allow for the weight of the second roof. However, if there is water below the roof that has saturated decking or insulation, the roof must be removed.

Recover / Overlay:
  • Benefits
    • Less costly
    •  Less waste in landfill
  • Disadvantages
    • Additional weight
    • May cover up rotted decking
    • May cover saturated decking or insulation
    Tear Off/Removal (Does not apply to Acrylic Coatings):
        • Benefits
          • Less Weight
          • Clean deck – solid base for new roof system
          • Exposes rotted or saturated decking
          • Can replace existing insulation (optional)
        • Disadvantages
          • Higher cost
          • More noise
          • Dirty process
          • Increased waste in landfill

    Eastman Roofing & Waterproofing recommends: The existing condition of the existing roof, the type of new roof to be installed, and the pros and cons of either overlaying/recovering or tearing off/removing have to be evaluated on a case-by-case basis. We need to verify that the existing decking and insulation are not saturated or rotten. This can be done by using a thermal infrared camera and core cut testing.

Flat Insulation

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Existing Separation

Insulating Valve

Class A Fire Rating

Positive Drainage
*Note: Unique circumstances may require the use of deck insulation.

Flat Deck Insulation

Deck Insulation:

If there is adequate insulation below the roof deck, no additional insulation is needed (see Accessories/Insulation for a brief explanation of adequate insulation). If you have standing water after a rain that does not evaporate within 48 hours, it is called ‘ponding’. ‘Ponding’ water is not acceptable for tar and gravel roofs, cap sheet roofs, modified bitumen, TPO or EPDM. The structure does not have to be rebuilt to eliminate ‘ponding’. Sometimes a drain or drains can be installed to eliminate the standing water. “Pond Patch” and other products can be applied to ponding areas to help eliminate ponding. Tapered insulation is another option. FiberTite (KEE) is not affected by ‘ponding’ water and ‘ponding’ will not affect the manufacturer’s warranty. The weight of the water, 8 pounds per gallon, can cause deflection in the roof deck and over time, the ponding can get worse. Eastman Roofing & Waterproofing recommends that any ‘ponding’ be remedied.

Types of Insulation/Taper Material:


An older technology, used under tar and gravel or cap sheet roofs. It is fire resistant, used as a separation sheet, and can be used as a tapered system. “R” value is 3.0 per inch, about 10” is R-30. If you get a leak, it will absorb water. It is not compatible with TPO or PVC membranes. Eastman Roofing & Waterproofing does not recommend Perlite. For advantages visit


Expanded poystyrene is a rigid foam insulation. It is inert, non-nutritive and highly stable; therefore it will not decompose or decay. It is recyclable and safe. It can be used as a separation sheet, or “fan board”. Eastman Roofing & Waterproofing sometimes uses fan board over existing tar and gravel roofs. It can be used as a tapered system. The “R” value is 3.85 per inch and will not decrease with age, about 7.8” = R-30. If you get a leak, it does not absorb water. It is not a vapor barrier; it breathes. It is compatible with tar and gravel, cap sheet, modified bitumen, TPO, EPDM and PVC. EPS has been used in construction for over 30 years and has a successful history. For more information, visit or

Dens Deck:

Dens Deck is a trade name referring to hard recovery board, made by other manufacturers having different names. The same basic product and concept, this thin board aids in providing a hard surface to work with, separating the existing surface from the new. Dens Deck Board, with fiberglass mats and a noncombustible gypsum core, is designed to address challenges inherent in commercial roofing assemblies. It can achieve a Class A fire rating. Dens Deck is sometimes required for schools and hospitals. It can also be used if the existing roof surface is soft and needs a more rigid cover board before installing the new roof, but it is rarely needed. For more information, visit


Polyisocyanuate is a closed cell, rigid foam plastic insulation, manufactured in board form. It can contribute to a more fire safe building, according to American Standards Institute/Underwriter Laboratories, Ind. (ANSI/UL) 1256. Additionally, polyiso stays intact during fire exposure in ASTM E84 Standard (Tunnel) Test Method for surface burning. Many roofs are not properly designed. In those cases, tapered insulation is the answer. Polyiso, when tapered, helps remove standing water and insulates as well. It does not absorb water if you get a leak. The “R” value is about R-6 per inch, about 5” = R-30. It is compatible with tar and gravel, cap sheet, modified bitumen, TPO, EPDM and PVC. Here are some basic taper designs available:

Existing Skylights

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10-Year Warranty

20-Year Warranty

Energy Savings

Tax Credit

Lifetime Warranty

Existing Skylights

When quality skylights are installed correctly they will outlast the rest of your roof, save money on energy bills, prevent heat from entering, make the inside of your building more enjoyable and enhance value.


  1. "Broken Skylight"The skylight (not the roof) has leaked in the past.
  2.   The skylight is old.  Some skylights have rubber gaskets that make them waterproof.  The gaskets denigrate over time and leak.
  3. The skylight lens has cracks in it or is broken.
  4. The lens has minute cracking in it that shows the plastic has broken down and is severely damaged.
  5. The operable unit is not working.
  6. The wrong type of skylight was installed.
  7. The moisture barrier has broken down and condensation is in between the top and bottom lens.

J.C. Barry Manufacturing/Skylights
24×24 Operable unit, clear double dome mill frame
24×24 Operable unit, white or obscure glass, bronze frame
24×48 bronze tint dome, bronze frame
24×48 Self Flashing unit, clear dome mill frame
24×48 White dome mill frame
Bronze frame dual pane Skylight
Divided ridge unit (unglazed)
Octagon unit


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System Component

Custom Sizes

*Note: Certain situations require special flashings.

Flat Flashing

Acrylic Coatings:
When acrylic coating is applied to the existing roof, the existing flashings are re-used.  A flashing is replaced if it is damaged.



 When properly installed, metal flashings can help accommodate roof, chimney, wall or structural movements due to settling, expansion and contraction.  Flashing overlaps and sheds water.
*Note: Certain situations require special flashings.
Reuse Existing Flashings: If the same type of roof is being installed, the existing flashings can be reused if they are in ‘like-new’ condition. If the existing flashings are not correct for the new (different type of) roof, the flashings have to be changed.  They must also be changed if they are rusted or damaged.
New Exterior Flashings: The new flashing for the walls can be installed on the outside of the siding, sealed with elastomerics and polyester fabric, or the use of PVC as a counterflashing with a termination bar or the wall can be notched to fit a metal counterflashing. This can work well if the area is semi-protected and is acceptable to the city where the work is being done.
New Concealed Flashings: In most cases this is the best method, and accepted by all cities.
1. Cut and remove existing siding material from wall.
2. Remove existing flashings, if needed, to allow for installation of new flashings.
3. Install new flashings and fasten.
4. Install new siding material or repair siding where applicable (owner to ‘touch up’ or paint siding).
Modified bitumen:CertainTeed (Flintlastic SA flashing details) can be reviewed in their Application Manual. Metal flashings have to be primed before being integrated into the roof system. Flintlastic SA is available in 8 colors.Flintlastic SA brochure

Modified bitumen:

CertainTeed (Flintlastic SA flashing details) can be reviewed in their Application Manual pages 7, 8, 9, 12 and 13. Metal flashings have to be primed before being integrated into the roof system. Flintlastic SA is available in 8 colors.

Flintlastic SA brochure

PVC Flashing:

IB makes a full line of flashings to complement any roof system: Cool Sand, Green, Red, Brown, Tan, White and Gray.

Architectural Resources:

  • Edge Treatments
  • Base Flashing
  • Drains/Scuppers/Overflows
  • Penetrations


  • Fasteners
  • Membrane
  • Color
  • Warranty


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High Wind Resistance

Code Compliant

System Component

Flat Fastener

A new flat roof is a broad term. There are many choices in type and design to fit your needs and ensure a long lasting roof.

Flat Attachment

Modified Bitumen
Mechanically Fastened: CertainTeed Flintlastic SA: The base sheet can be nailed when you are installing directly to the old roof deck (“nail base”).  See residential low slope Flintlastic application, handbook pages 53, 54, 55, and 56.
Flintlastic Application Manual
You can also view the details of  pages 3 and 17 at Flintlastic SA Brochure
FiberTite (KEE)
By far our most popular way to install the FiberTite (KEE) membrane is to mechanically fasten the roof to the roof deck which provides wind uplift protection not found in any other roof system..
Fully Adhered
Acrylic is a liquid applied material that is fully adhered.

CertainTeed Flintlastic SA can be adhered. This method is typically used when applying the base sheet directly to polyiso insulation (“ply base”). (Same as “Nail” pages 29, 30)


FiberTite (KEE) Fleece Back membrane is an excellent choice for projects requiring a long lasting, energy efficient roofing membrane. The combination of fleece backing and the proven performance of FiberTite (KEE) roofing membranes results in an ideal product for use in adhered membrane applications over a wide variety of roof substrates and non-nailable surfaces.



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Reinforcing Material

5-Year Warranty

10-Year Warranty

12-Year Warranty

15-Year Warranty

20-Year Warranty

30-Year Warranty

*Note: Certain situations require upgraded membranes to enhance warranty.

Flat Membrane

Acrylic Coatings:  Liquid applied roof coatings and restoration products adhere directly to existing roof substrates.  Note, mil thickness depends on material warranty or system warranty and the roof it is being applied to.  (See “Flat Options”/Warranty for details).

Modified Bitumen (MB): is asphalt that has had modifiers added to it to give it plastic or rubber-like properties.

Two ply consists of a base and cap.  This is the least expensive application.  If it is applied directly to the wood deck, “nail base” is used.  The cap can be Class “B” or “A” or  with a “cool star” acrylic coating applied at the factory.

Three ply (base ply) consists of a base, a ply base, and a cap.  The cap can be Class “B” or “A” or with a “cool star” acrylic coating applied at the factory.

Three ply (mid ply) consists of a base, a mid ply which is thicker than a ply base, and a cap.  The cap can be Class “B” or “A” or with a “cool star” acrylic coating applied at the factory.

CertainTeed Flintlastic SA

FiberTite (KEE):

FiberTite is a 30-oz sq. yd/nominal 36-mil (0.9 mm) thick membrane and was used as the benchmark membrane for the development of ASTM D 6754-02 Standard Specification for Ketone Ethylene Ester (KEE) Based Sheet Roofing. In addition to exceeding the ASTM minimum standards, 36 mil FiberTite meets or exceeds the physical properties and performance characteristics of most competitive 60-mil membranes.

Seaman Corporation is vertically integrated, which allows complete control over the manufacturing process from the selection of the yarns, to the engineering, knitting and weaving of the base fabrics to the final coating process. Today, FiberTite Roofing Membranes are the result of Seaman Corporation’s 60 years of applied fabric engineering and coating technology.

All FiberTite Roofing Membranes are constructed using high tenacity/heavy weight yarns to create a base fabric reinforcement to impart superior puncture, tensile and tear resistance properties. The base polyester fabrics are primed with a unique and proprietary adhesive coat that lays the foundation to physically bond the KEE coatings to the “fiber” to maximize seam strength and overall membrane performance.

36 mil FiberTite is coated face and back with Seaman Corporation’s original “KEE” formulation to provide superior hot air welding characteristics, extreme UV resistance, broad chemical resistance and long-term flexibility and reparability for the installed roofing membrane system. Additionally, 36 mil FiberTite exhibits superior tear, puncture, fungus, algae and flame resistance that make FiberTite Roofing Systems some of the most sustainable roofing systems available.

FiberTite has one of the best scores from the Cool Roof Rating Council (CRRC) in the industry. FiberTite roofing membranes meet the SR and IE Requirements of California Title 24 energy efficiency standards. FiberTite was one of the first roofing membranes labeled under the ENERGY STAR roofing products program.

FiberTite Product Data Sheets


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High Wind Resistance

Color Options

Highest Reflectivity

Most Widely Installed


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Material Warranty

Labor Warranty

Workmanship Warranty

Ponding Water Included


Flat Warranty

Acrylic Coatings:

The mil thickness and exact specifications differ depending upon the condition of the existing roof and the type of roof that the acrylic is being applied.
Modified Bitumen/Certainteed Flintlastic SA
CertainTeed offers their standard material warranty at no charge. The specification that is installed determines the length of the warranty and performance of the roof system. The contractor installing the roofing material must be certified by CertainTeed with a Silver Star or Gold Star rating.

FiberTite (KEE) Roofing Systems:

FiberTite (KEE) warranties are the best in the industry. Here’s why:
  • The FiberTite (KEE) 20-year warranty comes straight from the company that has manufactured millions of square feet of roofing membrane with not one failure since 1979.
  • With a FiberTite (KEE) roof, you pay nothing for material or labor for warranted repairs or replacement.
  • FiberTite (KEE) protects the commercial and industrial building owner with a 20-year or more full warranty. The warranties are transferrable, and provide maximum protection.
  • Here’s the best part about your FiberTite (KEE) roof: The warranty is included at no additional charge.
  • The FiberTite (KEE) warranty does not require your costly investment in a maintenance program, but regular common-sense attention to building maintenance just adds to your FiberTite (KEE) investment.
  • Only FiberTite (KEE) can deliver the very best warranty.
  • Not one roof failure in over 30 years of success have proven the FiberTite (KEE) roofing system will serve you well.
7 Quick Reasons Why Fibertite (KEE) Warranties are Better
  • Labor and Materials Included - On a FiberTite (KEE) roof, you pay nothing for materials or labor
  • Ponding Water - The FiberTite (KEE) standard 20-year labor and material warranty contains no exclusions for ponding water
  • Additional Coverage - The warranty can be extended for longer than 20 years
  • Transferrable - The standard FiberTite (KEE) warranty is transferrable at no charge to a new building owner
  • Issued by the Manufacturer - FiberTite (KEE) warranties come straight from the manufacturer that has produced millions of square feet of roofing membrane since 1979 with not one failure
  • No Charge - There is no additional charge for your Fibertite (KEE) standard warranty. That means you get the industry’s best rooftop protection for free
  • No Maintenance Program Required - Although regular common sense maintenance can extend the life of your roof, FiberTite (KEE) does not require you to invest in a roof maintenance program (required by all other manufacturers to keep their warranty protection) for your warranty to be in effect for the entire period.
  • Insulation
  • Gutters
  • New Skylight


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Current Code Requirement

Energy Star Recommendation


It is customary to re-insulate your attic during the roof process. Doing so will save a minimum of 20% off of your cooling and heating bills and make it more comfortable. Homes built before 2007 were required to only install R-19. The new code is R-30, though they are leaning to changing this to R-34. Typical investment payback is less than 3 years. Insulated areas do not include non-conditioned spaces.

Conductive Heat: The current minimum standard for our area for attic insulation is R-30, 7 ½”. Some homes have no insulation, which would require the entire R-30 to meet the minimum standard. If your attic insulation is 3 ½”, you have R-12 and would need to add R-19 to meet the minimum requirement. If you have 5 ½” of attic insulation, you have R-19 and need to add R-12 to meet the minimum requirement.

In the winter, if the outside temperature reaches 30 degrees, and you are trying to keep your home at 70 degrees, the temperature difference is 40 degrees (70 – 30), you would need R-19 at a minimum. In the summer, your attic can reach a temperature of 140 degrees. If you are trying to keep the home at 70 degrees, that is a difference of 70 degrees (140 – 70) and you’d need a minimum of R-30 insulation.

Radiant Heat: If you do not have a radiant barrier, then the top 1 inch of your insulation can be 10 degrees – 20 degrees hotter than the air in your attic. The heat is absorbed by the insulation and eventually enters your home. If a radiant barrier is installed on the back of your rafters, 97% of the radiant heat reflects back out and never reaches your insulation.


Walls/Floors: These areas, if not insulated, allow the transfer of heat and cold.

Insulation Check Sheet:

You might be surprised how many people don’t know they’re sending money through their roof.

A standard single family home going from an existing R-12 to R-30 will see a minimum reduction of 20% on their cooling and heating bill. If your power bill averages $100 a month, about half of that is for cooling and heating, typically. A 20% savings would equate to a $20 reduction on your bill each month, per $100 of every cost.

About 78% of homeowners have not added any insulation to their attic; in part because they believe their home already has enough.

However, 80% of homes built before 1980 are not insulated to correct standards. Even newer homes may not be as energy-efficient as you think. Current codes are only the minimum insulation requirements for new construction – not the amount recommended to optimize energy efficiency.

Overall, about 60 million homes built before 1980 are under-insulated, costing Americans $8.2 billion each year. Simply insulating existing homes to current standards would save 800 trillion BTUs (that’s 76 supertankers of oil) each year.

Higher Resale Value: An energy-efficient home appeals to buyer’s financial and environmental interests.

Research shows that 71% of homebuyers want a home that reduces their overall impact on the environment. And 96% of homebuyers consider energy efficiency when buying a new home.

A Positive Impact on the Environment: CertainTeed insulation products save many times the energy used to make it in the first year alone. And they continue to help conserve energy year after year without consuming any additional resources.

The products CertainTeed sells each year are responsible for the prevention of more than 1 billion tons of greenhouse gas emissions. This equals the emissions of 200 million passenger cars or the use of 2 billion barrels of oil.

Responsible Use of Resources: Many CertainTeed products are made with renewable resources, recycled materials or the byproducts of other production processes. CertainTeed Fiberglas insulation is made of plentiful sand and recycled glass.

Loose fill insulation, also called “blown-in” insulation, is made of virgin white fiber glass insulation. It is used in new construction and in existing homes, typically in hard-to-reach areas.

  • It will not settle or lose its energy-saving abilities over time.
  • It does not require the addition of fire-retardant chemicals that can promote corrosion of pipes or wires.
  • It will not rot or decay, support fungus or mold growth, or provide sustenance for insects or vermin.
  • CertainTeed Loose Fill Insulation Brochure


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Water Control

Maximum Protection

Enhanced Value

ZERO Maintenance Required


Gutters and downspouts are necessary to channel water away from the foundation of the building to prevent damage. Factors that must be considered in the design of the roof drainage system are:  the area to be drained, size of the gutters, downspouts and outlets, the slope of the roof, type of building, and its appearance.  The design capacity for the roof drainage system depends on the quantity of water to be handled.  The quantity of water in turn depends on the roof area, roof slope, and rainfall intensity.  Rainfall intensity is usually stated in inches per hour for a 5 minute duration based on U.S. Weather Bureau records.

We use pre-painted, steel or aluminum seamless gutters that are designed and assembled onsite to custom fit your roof. We also use paintable bonderized gutters and copper gutters for different styles and options.

Custom-built Metals, Award Metals, and Spectra Gutters and Accessories represent the finest rain removal system made. With a superior gutter design and decades of proven experience, they continue to set industry standards. They are a beautiful, durable solution, engineered to last and last on your home.

  • Seamless Design: No leaks: Our team brings our roll-forming machine to you. We create each gutter to the exact length.
  • Our gutters are installed behind the drip edge or wing to allow water to flow directly into the gutter and not behind it.
  • All components included, no hidden costs: We include all parts required to install a complete gutter system.
  • We use pre-mounted, hidden hangers to anchor our seamless gutters. These: Hold more weight; won’t back out; have a smooth finish; and a clean look.
  • All corners of your gutter are custom-made onsite or factory-mitered to fit perfectly.
  • We use downspouts to ensure that water is being channeled away from your home and to help prevent gutter clogging: 2” x 3”; We use a variety of gutter sizes and designs.
  • We use anti-corrosive screws, hangers, and gutters that will not rust.
  • All Aluminum or Steel: 16 colors available; Same Price
  • Ten year workmanship warranty


Below is a sample of Gutter Profiles that may be available in your area from contractors. Some gutter profiles are only available in certain regions, so please contact your local contractors for information.

Available Gutter Profiles

“K” or “O/G” Style Seamless Gutter in 5″ & 6″

  • Standard Material: Aluminum (.027), Copper (16 oz.), Steel (26 Ga.)
  • Finish: Dura Coat XT-10
  • Warranty: Lifetime Finish Warranty

Half Round Style Gutter in 5″ & 6″

  • Standard Material: Aluminum (.027), Copper (16 oz.), Steel (26 Ga.)
  • Finish: Dura Coat XT-10
  • Warranty: Lifetime Finish Warranty

Commercial Style Seamless Gutter in 6″

  • Standard Material: Aluminum (.027), Copper (16 oz.), Steel (26 Ga.)
  • Finish: Dura Coat XT-10
  • Warranty: Lifetime Finish Warranty

Super or Deep Fascia Style Seamless Gutter in 7 1/4″

  • Standard Material: Copper (16 oz.), Steel (26 Ga.)
  • Finish: Dura Coat XT-10
  • Warranty: Lifetime Finish Warranty

Fascia Style Seamless Gutter in 5 1/2″

  • Standard Material: Aluminum (.027), Copper (16 oz.), Steel (26 Ga.)
  • Finish: Dura Coat XT-10
  • Warranty: Lifetime Finish Warranty


Fascia Gutter Plain Face
or 7-1/4″
With or Without Wing

Galvanized or Bonderized

10′ only

Fascia Gutter Deco Face
5 Rib or 7-1/4″ 7 Rib
Galvanized or Bonderized
Tile Gutter Plain Face

Galvanized or Bonderized

Tile Gutter Deco Face
Galvanized or Bonderized
Fascia Gutter Curved Face
7-1/4″ Standard or Tile

Galvanized or Bonderized

10′ only

Half Round Double Bead Gutter

10′ lengths 4″,
5″, 6″

20′ lengths in 5″ or 6″

Galvanized, Bonderzied or Copper
Half Round Single Bead Gutter
4″, 5″ or 6″
in 10′

Galvanized, Bonderzied or Copper

Half Round Single Bead – 1″ Wing

5″, 6″


4″, 5″ in 10′ only
6″ in 10′ or 20′
Galvanized, Bonderzied or Copper
Style Gutter With No Wing
Copper 10″ only
Copper in 10′ or 20′

4″ NA in Bonderized

4″ NA in Bonderized

Galvanized, Bonderzied or Copper

K” Style Gutter with 1″ Wing
or 6″ Copper 10″ only
5K or 6K
Copper in 10′ or 20′
Galvanized, Bonderzied or Copper

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