Shake & Wood Shingle Replacement & Design

Because everyone’s home and needs are different, build the roof system that is right for you, customized with exclusive features to fit your home for enhanced performance.

Process


Natural Cedar wood shingle and shake roofs are a perfect material for all styles and settings. Cedar is heat-resistant, fire-resistant, and environmentally friendly, which protects your home while saving you money. A number of relatively new machine-made synthetic materials that emulate shake are available. Choose long-lasting cedar shake shingles for style, energy conservation and a cooler home.

Steps

1. Tear off and haul away the roof system, including plumber’s flashings and vents. Remove or hammer nails flush with sheeting/roof deck.
2. Inspect entire roof area for dry rot damage in roof deck and replace with new.
3. Inspect entire edge perimeter for dry rot in fascia boards and barge rafters and replace with new.
4.(a)

Solid Sheeting 1) Reanchor any roof deck nails that have popped up; 2) Reanchor per American Plywood Association specifications for shear strength; 3) Reanchor per American Plywood Association specification for shear strength with ring shank nails in high wind areas (Eastman Roofing & Waterproofing recommends following the American Plywood Association guidelines. If you are in a windy area, we recommend ring shank nails).

4.(b)

Re-use space sheeting, re-anchor any roof deck nails that have popped up, or 2) install 4x8 sheets OSB, OSB with radiant barrier, or CDX plywood over existing space sheeting per American Plywood Associations specifications for “sheer” 3) install 4x8 sheets OSB, OSB with radiant barrier, or CDX plywood over existing space sheeting per American Plywood Associations specifications for “sheer” with ring shank nails, “high wind area.”

5. Install 70 lb SBS underlayment to entire roof area. Install WinterGuard self- adhering modified rubber leak barrier to valleys. Install cap sheet on 70 lb SBS underlayment and 22”, 30 lb shake felt on top of Cap Sheet.
6. Install new PVC membrane to crickets and flat roof areas. Tie into walls, fascia, and shakes/wood shingles with proper techniques.
7. Tie in at patio cover with rolled sheet metal.
8. Install new dome skylight or install new VELUX impact-resistant skylight with VELUX flashings over existing openings.
9. Install new plumber’s flashings over pipes and seal between the pipe and flashing with 10 mil tape and with EPDM collar.
10. Install new vents over furnace flue, hot water heater flue, kitchen and bathroom fans.
11. Install new drip edge (galvanized, black, brown) at rakes and eave.
12. Paint all plumber’s flashings and vents.
13. Install starter course at eaves.

14. Install entire roof area with new shakes/wood shingles.

15. Install new ridge at all hip and ridge areas.

16. Remove debris and use a magnetic sweep to remove fasteners from driveway and lawn daily.

Eastman Roofing is an approved installer by the Cedar Shake & Shingle Bureau

17.












Copy of a Manufacturers Long Term Warranty Registration

  • Existing Roof
  • Deck Materials
  • Deck Fastening
  • Deck Protection
  • Wall Flashing
  • Existing Skylights
  • Ventilation

Existing Roof


Choose One

Price

Minimum Code

Code Plus

A new shake roof cannot be installed on top of an existing shake roof as the surface is too irregular. It must be torn off down to the roof deck. However a new shake roof or wood shingle roof can be installed on top of an existing wood shingle roof. This is referred to as an “overlay.” Some municipalities do not allow an overlay for this application and require that the old roof be removed. The new roof should be nailed through the old and the fastener should go into the underlying roof deck. This is harder to do with the old roof on. The old roof surface is not as flat as the roof deck and has a void from course to course. The “void” has a lack of resistance to the new fastener being applied and can allow the new fastener to penetrate the new shake too far which then has the potential to allow the new shake to come loose. Eastman Roofing & Waterproofing recommends removal of the old roof down to the roof deck for a superior application and performance.

Deck Materials


Choose One

Price

Minimum Code

Code Plus

Highest Earthquake Resistance

Go Green

Deck Material/Shake/Wood Shingle Replacement/Design Your Shake/Wood Shingle Roof

If you have a solid roof deck that is plywood, installed properly, it is ready for the new roof. If you have space sheeting (1 x 4 or 1 x 6), replace any damaged wood and re-anchor as needed. New OSB or plywood can be installed on top of the existing space sheeting. Space sheeting is usually installed for a wood shingle, shake, and some tile roofs. This is the typical roof deck for a wood shingle/shake roof. However, sometimes there is a solid roof deck such as plywood. The solid plywood roof deck supports the shake felt better than skip sheathing. When plywood is applied as a shear ply, it strengthens the structure to better withstand earthquakes.

Deck Material

Solid SheetingSpace Sheeting
Solid SheetingSpace Sheeting

"Oriented Strand Board"Oriented Strand Board (OSB) is an engineered wood product formed by layering strands of wood in specific orientations, compressed and bonded together. It is more uniform and cheaper than plywood.

APA OSB Product Data

"Oriented Strand Board with Radiant Barrier"OSB with ‘Radiant Barrier’ reflects up to 97% of the sun’s radiant heat and keeps it from being absorbed into the attic of your home. An aluminum foil/craft paper laminate is attached to the bottom side of the OSB.

TechShield PDF
APA Products Radiant Barrier Product Data

.

"CDX Plywood"CDX plywood: Sheets of veneer with each layer being glued the opposite grain to the one below it. This grade of plywood is used for roof sheeting.

APA Products Plywood Product Data

Deck Fastening


Choose One

Price

Minimum Code

Code Plus

Wind Resistance

Earthquake Resistance

Deck Fastening

"Protruding nail heads"a) Inspect the entire roof deck before installing new shakes/wood shingles. Re-nail protruding roof nails and clean the roof deck to allow for a smooth surface for the installation of the new shakes/wood shingles. If existing nails are not flush with the roof deck, it can puncture the roof above.
"Refasten the decking"
OSB or plywood is applied:
b)
Plywood nailed directly over rafters below existing sheeting, nailed per American Plywood Association guidelines to give the roof structure sheer strength. This is an added ‘‘code plus’’ and for ‘‘earthquake reinforcement’’.

Eastman Roofing & Waterproofing recommends following the American Plywood Association guidelines. If you are in a windy area, we recommend ring shank nails.
APA Structural-Use Panels Over Spaced-Board Roofs pdf

Deck Protection


Choose One

Price

Minimum Code

Code Plus

Maximum Protection

Class A Fire Protection

Deck Protection

"15 lb Felt"GMC 22” 30 ASTM D 226-05 TYPE II Premium Shake Felt is an industry leading, superior quality “authentic” asphalt saturated organic felt underlayment. Manufactured to the highest specifications. Since the underlayment is the only moisture barrier used in the roof assembly, employing an inferior underlayment with a shorter life expectancy will compromise the system’s integrity.

GMC 22" 30 PDF

"15 lb Felt"Cap Sheet is a roll roofing product designed for use as a cap sheet in built-up roofing systems. When used as a “fire sheet” combined with Class “B” shakes/wood shingles, it creates a Class “A” assembly. This is the best fire rating available.

"15 lb Felt"Metal Layment: This underlayment can be used for shake/wood shingle as well as for shingle, metal, slate, and mechanically-fastened tile roofs. It is waterproof and will not rip and seals around nails driven through it.

Certainteed Metal Layment PDF

Waterproofing Underlayments Warranty PDF

"15 lb Felt"Layfast SBS TU 70

Addition of SBS rubber to asphalt gives Layfast an electrometric property that is not available in common felt. Layfast SBS contains a higher percentage of asphalt for increased waterproofing. Its inorganic fiberglass reinforcement eliminates the rot and deterioration associated with saturated felt.

Most self -adhesive membranes are manufactured with SBS-modified asphalt, which is the same compound used in Layfast SBS. By specifying Layfast in the field and a self-adhesive membrane in valleys and eaves, you are specifying a 100% SBS underlayment system throughout the roofing system and prolonging the waterproofing capability. In contrast to self-adhesive membranes Layfast is mechanically fastened, thus allowing the system to breathe.

MBTechnology Brochure 2009 PDF

PDS-004-04-TU70 PDF

Wall Flashing


Choose One

Price

Minimum Code

Enhanced Value & Protection

Best Value

Wall Flashing

When properly installed, metal flashings can help accommodate roof, chimney, wall, or structural movements due to settling, expansion, and contraction.  Roof flashing works like shingles.  It overlaps and sheds water.  Flashing is always constructed in a system to work with the effect of gravity.

Reuse Existing Flashings: If the same type of roof is being installed, the existing flashings can be reused if they are in ‘like-new’ condition. If the existing flashings are not correct for the new (different type of) roof, the flashings have to be changed. If they are rusted or damaged, one of the following choices has to be made:

New Exterior Flashings: The new flashing for the walls, cricket, hog valleys and valleys is on the outside of the siding, sealed with elastomerics and polyester fabric, or the use of PVC as a counterflashing with a termination bar or the wall can be notched to fit a metal counterflashing. This can work well if the area is semi-protected and is acceptable to the city where the work is being done.

New Concealed Flashings: In most cases this is the best method, and accepted by all cities.
1. Cut and remove existing siding material from wall.
2. Remove existing flashings, if needed, to allow for installation of new flashings.
3. Install new flashings and fasten.
4. Install new siding material or repair siding where applicable (owner to ‘touch up’ or paint siding).
"Types of Flashing"

 

Existing Skylights


Choose One

Price

10 Year Warranty

20 Year Warranty

Energy Star

Tax Credit

Lifetime Warranty

Existing Skylights

When quality skylights are installed correctly they will outlast the rest of your roof, save money on energy bills, prevent heat from entering, make the inside of your building more enjoyable and enhance value.

WHY SHOULD I REPLACE MY EXISTING SKYLIGHT?

  1. "Broken Skylight"The skylight (not the roof) has leaked in the past.
  2. The skylight is old. Some skylights have rubber gaskets that make them waterproof. The gaskets denigrate over time and leak.
  3. The skylight lens has cracks in it or is broken.
  4. The lens has minute cracking in it that shows the plastic has broken down and is severely damaged.
  5. The operable unit is not working.
  6. The wrong type of skylight was installed.
  7. The moisture barrier has broken down and condensation is in between the top and bottom lens.

J.C. Barry Manufacturing/Skylights
24×24 Operable unit, clear double dome mill frame
24×24 Operable unit, white or obscure glass, bronze frame
24×48 bronze tint dome, bronze frame
24×48 Self Flashing unit, clear dome mill frame
24×48 White dome mill frame
Bronze frame dual pane Skylight
Divided ridge unit (unglazed)
Octagon unit

Ventilation


Choose One

Price

Energy Savings

Tax Credit

Go Green

Ventilation

All insulated attic spaces shall be ventilated with openings to the exterior of not less than 1 sq. ft. of ventilation for every 150 sq. ft. of attic floor space. This must be balanced equally between the eave and the ridge of your home. This is the current code. Please check out the link why you need ventilation below.

Mesh Ridge Vent: These vents have three main flaws. First, they are uneven and hard to install correctly. Second, the mesh clogs with dust particles, preventing air flow after just a few years of service. Third, they have no external baffle which creates positive pressure in your attic, even with a slight breeze. They are prone to failure in strong winds.

 

 

Baffled Ridge Vent: Baffled ridge vent is a good balance between look and function. The external baffle creates a negative pressure zone because of the Bernuli effect. They have an attractive appearance, and have been tested for hurricane force winds, with no leaks. They actually pull air out of the attic with wind. These types of vents are covered with shake/wood shingle ridge.

Eyebrow or O’Hagin vents: These types of vents are the most common ones used in our area. They work through thermal buoyancy: warm air rises. They are not as efficient as Ridge Vent or an attic fan. It takes a lot of these vents to meet code and the manufacturer’s ventilation requirements.

 

Solar Powered Vent: Go green by upgrading to Solar Powered attic fans. A solution to provide energy savings, wind resistance and tax credit, this may be a viable option for you depending upon ventilation calculations and your attic configuration.

It is estimated that 90% of homes in North America have inadequate attic ventilation. Why? The code and manufacturers have changed their minimum requirements for attic ventilation. Attic ventilation can impact the longevity of the entire home!

In the summer, an improperly ventilated attic can cause heat to build in excess of 160 degrees. This superheated air eventually penetrates the ceiling insulation into the living area below.

Other Attic Vents:  Air Vent makes many different types of attic vents.

 

Damage that can result includes:

  • •"Fried shake felt and fried shakes/wood shingles", which results in premature aging of your roof system
  • •Wood framing warping, cracking or breaking down
  • •Damage to siding, exterior or to exterior siding, interior paint, and wallpaper
  • •Damage to insulation
  • •Higher energy costs to heat and cool the home

A properly ventilated attic can help reduce the load on your air conditioner by moving superheated air out of your attic before it builds up and causes damage.

In the winter, various household appliances, bathtubs, showers, and cooking vapors can contribute to excess moisture build-up called vapor drive. Improperly ventilated attics will allow this moisture to collect and cling to the underside of the roof deck. There, it will condense and fall, soaking the attic insulation, causing it to compress and clog, reducing its efficiency.

Additional Structural damage can include:

  • • Roof deck warping and rotting the wood frame
  • • Mildew growth
  • • Buckling of shingles and felt

Proper Attic Ventilation: Proper attic ventilation systems allow a continuous flow of outside air through the attic (see illustration at right), protecting the efficiency of the insulation and helping to lower temperatures in the living space.

It consists of a balance between air intake (at your eaves or soffits) and air exhaust (at or near your roof ridge).

The current code requires a minimum of at least one square foot of attic ventilation (both intake and exhaust) for every 150 square feet of attic space. Shake/wood shingle manufacturers require proper ventilation or they will not warranty their material or give a very poor warranty because they know the shakes/wood shingles superheat and will not last their intended life.

  • Starter Course
  • Shake / Wood Shingles
  • Hip & Ridge
  • Warranty

Starter Course


Choose One

Price

Minimum Code

Code Plus

Starter Course

To create an even appearance, the starter course “a wood shingle” is like the top half of the shake. The “feather edge”, the thinnest part, is tucked under the second course of shake felt and on top of the first course of felt. The “feather edge” of the shakes are tucked under the third course and on top of the first and second course. This creates the proper orientation and overlap. The higher the fire rating, the more fire protection. The better the grade of wood shingle, the better the performance.

http://www.cedarbureau.org/

http://www.cedarbureau.org/pdf2015/CSSB-Specsheets-015.pdf

Shake/Wood Shingle Options


Choose One

Price

Minimum Code

Code Plus

Enhanced Value

Shake/Wood Shingle

There are a number of grades and quality of shakes and wood shingle. Eastman Roofing & Waterproofing only buys 100% edge grain material which is of a higher quality. Flat grain twists and warps over time. All roofing materials assembled has a fire rating of Class “C”, “B” or “A.” See Cedar Shake & Shingle Bureau Brochure link below.

CSSB Specsheets PDF

http://tealjones.com/our-products/red-cedar-shake-shingle/

Hip & Ridge for Shake/Wood Shingle


Choose One

Price

Minimum Code (60 MPH)

Code Plus (130 mph) 15 Year

Enhanced Value

HIP & RIDGE FOR SHAKE/WOOD SHINGLE

The Hip & Ridge material should match the field material. Eastman Roofing & Waterproofing, Inc. only uses #1 grade material with a “C”, “B” rating and assembles the material to meet “C”, “B” or “A” ratings

http://www.cedarbureau.org/pdf2015/CSSB-Specsheets-015.pdf

Warranty


Choose One

Price

30 Year Warranty

40 Year Warranty

50 Year Warranty

Shake Warranty

  • Insulation
  • New Skylight
  • Gutters

Insulation


Choose One

Price

Current Code
Requirement

Energy Star
Recommendations

Insulation

It is customary to re-insulate your attic during the roof process. Doing so will save a minimum of 20% off of your cooling and heating bills and make it more comfortable. Homes built before 2007 were required to only install R-19. The new code is R-30, though they are leaning to changing this to R-34. Typical investment payback is less than 3 years. Insulated areas do not include non-conditioned spaces.

Conductive Heat:The current minimum standard for our area for attic insulation is R-30, 7 ½”. Some homes have no insulation, which would require the entire R-30 to meet the minimum standard. If your attic insulation is 3 ½”, you have R-12 and would need to add R-19 to meet the minimum requirement. If you have 5 ½” of attic insulation, you have R-19 and need to add R-12 to meet the minimum requirement.

In the winter, if the outside temperature reaches 30 degrees, and you are trying to keep your home at 70 degrees, the temperature difference is 40 degrees (70 – 30), you would need R-19 at a minimum. In the summer, your attic can reach a temperature of 140 degrees. If you are trying to keep the home at 70 degrees, that is a difference of 70 degrees (140 – 70) and you’d need a minimum of R-30 insulation.

Radiant Heat: If you do not have a radiant barrier, then the top 1 inch of your insulation can be 10 degrees – 20 degrees hotter than the air in your attic. The heat is absorbed by the insulation and eventually enters your home. If a radiant barrier is installed on the back of your rafters, 97% of the radiant heat reflects back out and never reaches your insulation.

.
.

Walls/Floors: These areas, if not insulated, allow the transfer of heat and cold.

Insulation Check Sheet:

You might be surprised how many people don’t know they’re sending money through their roof.

A standard single family home going from an existing R-12 to R-30 will see a minimum reduction of 20% on their cooling and heating bill. If your power bill averages $100 a month, about half of that is for cooling and heating, typically. A 20% savings would equate to a $20 reduction on your bill each month, per $100 of every cost.

About 78% of homeowners have not added any insulation to their attic; in part because they believe their home already has enough.

However, 80% of homes built before 1980 are not insulated to correct standards. Even newer homes may not be as energy-efficient as you think. Current codes are only the minimum insulation requirements for new construction – not the amount recommended to optimize energy efficiency.

Overall, about 60 million homes built before 1980 are under-insulated, costing Americans $8.2 billion each year. Simply insulating existing homes to current standards would save 800 trillion BTUs (that’s 76 supertankers of oil) each year.

Higher Resale Value: An energy-efficient home appeals to buyer’s financial and environmental interests.

Research shows that 71% of homebuyers want a home that reduces their overall impact on the environment. And 96% of homebuyers consider energy efficiency when buying a new home.

A Positive Impact on the Environment: CertainTeed insulation products save many times the energy used to make it in the first year alone. And they continue to help conserve energy year after year without consuming any additional resources.

The products CertainTeed sells each year are responsible for the prevention of more than 1 billion tons of greenhouse gas emissions. This equals the emissions of 200 million passenger cars or the use of 2 billion barrels of oil.

Responsible Use of Resources: Many CertainTeed products are made with renewable resources, recycled materials or the byproducts of other production processes. CertainTeed Fiberglas insulation is made of plentiful sand and recycled glass.

Loose fill insulation, also called “blown-in” insulation, is made of virgin white fiber glass insulation. It is used in new construction and in existing homes, typically in hard-to-reach areas.

  • It will not settle or lose its energy-saving abilities over time.
  • It does not require the addition of fire-retardant chemicals that can promote corrosion of pipes or wires.
  • It will not rot or decay, support fungus or mold growth, or provide sustenance for insects or vermin.
  • CertainTeed Loose Fill Insulation Brochure

New Skylight


Choose One

Price

Energy Star

Tax Credit

Energy Savings

Enhanced Value

New Skylights

When quality skylights are installed correctly they will outlast the rest of your roof, save money on energy bills, prevent heat from entering, make the inside of your building more enjoyable and enhance value. Home and Gardens Magazine states that “adding a skylight is the single best return on investment in remodeling today”.

J.C. Barry Manufacturing/Skylights
24×24 Operable unit, clear double dome mill frame
24×24 Operable unit, white or obscure glass, bronze frame
24×48 bronze tint dome, bronze frame
24×48 Self Flashing unit, clear dome mill frame
24×48 White dome mill frame
Bronze frame dual pane Skylight
Divided ridge unit (unglazed)
Octagon unit

Gutters


Choose One

Price

Water Control

Maximum Protection

Enhanced Value

ZERO Maintenance Required

Gutters

Gutters and downspouts are necessary to channel water away from the foundation of the building to prevent damage. Factors that must be considered in the design of the roof drainage system are:  the area to be drained, size of the gutters, downspouts and outlets, the slope of the roof, type of building, and its appearance.  The design capacity for the roof drainage system depends on the quantity of water to be handled.  The quantity of water in turn depends on the roof area, roof slope, and rainfall intensity.  Rainfall intensity is usually stated in inches per hour for a 5 minute duration based on U.S. Weather Bureau records.

We use pre-painted, steel or aluminum seamless gutters that are designed and assembled onsite to custom fit your roof. We also use paintable bonderized gutters and copper gutters for different styles and options.

Custom-built Metals, Award Metals, and Spectra Gutters and Accessories represent the finest rain removal system made. With a superior gutter design and decades of proven experience, they continue to set industry standards. They are a beautiful, durable solution, engineered to last and last on your home.

  • Seamless Design: No leaks: Our team brings our roll-forming machine to you. We create each gutter to the exact length.
  • Our gutters are installed behind the drip edge or wing to allow water to flow directly into the gutter and not behind it.
  • All components included, no hidden costs: We include all parts required to install a complete gutter system.
  • We use pre-mounted, hidden hangers to anchor our seamless gutters. These: Hold more weight; won’t back out; have a smooth finish; and a clean look.
  • All corners of your gutter are custom-made onsite or factory-mitered to fit perfectly.
  • We use downspouts to ensure that water is being channeled away from your home and to help prevent gutter clogging: 2” x 3”; We use a variety of gutter sizes and designs.
  • We use anti-corrosive screws, hangers, and gutters that will not rust.
  • All Aluminum or Steel: 16 colors available; Same Price
  • Ten year workmanship warranty

SEAMLESS RAIN GUTTER PROFILES

Below is a sample of Gutter Profiles that may be available in your area from contractors. Some gutter profiles are only available in certain regions, so please contact your local contractors for information.

Available Gutter Profiles

“K” or “O/G” Style Seamless Gutter in 5″ & 6″

  • Standard Material: Aluminum (.027), Copper (16 oz.), Steel (26 Ga.)
  • Finish: Dura Coat XT-10
  • Warranty: Lifetime Finish Warranty

Half Round Style Gutter in 5″ & 6″

  • Standard Material: Aluminum (.027), Copper (16 oz.), Steel (26 Ga.)
  • Finish: Dura Coat XT-10
  • Warranty: Lifetime Finish Warranty

Commercial Style Seamless Gutter in 6″

  • Standard Material: Aluminum (.027), Copper (16 oz.), Steel (26 Ga.)
  • Finish: Dura Coat XT-10
  • Warranty: Lifetime Finish Warranty

Super or Deep Fascia Style Seamless Gutter in 7 1/4″

  • Standard Material: Copper (16 oz.), Steel (26 Ga.)
  • Finish: Dura Coat XT-10
  • Warranty: Lifetime Finish Warranty
.
.

Fascia Style Seamless Gutter in 5 1/2″

  • Standard Material: Aluminum (.027), Copper (16 oz.), Steel (26 Ga.)
  • Finish: Dura Coat XT-10
  • Warranty: Lifetime Finish Warranty
.

https://www.custombiltmetals.com/_pdfs/color_charts/Rain_Gutter_Color_Chart.pdf

GUTTER – DOWNSPOUT – END CAPS – ELBOWS – ACCESSORIES

Fascia Gutter Plain Face
5-1/4″
or 7-1/4″
With or Without Wing

Galvanized or Bonderized

Copper
10′ only

Fascia Gutter Deco Face
5-1/4″
5 Rib or 7-1/4″ 7 Rib
Galvanized or Bonderized
Tile Gutter Plain Face
7-1/4″

Galvanized or Bonderized

Tile Gutter Deco Face
7-1/4″
Galvanized or Bonderized
Fascia Gutter Curved Face
5-1/4″
Standard
7-1/4″ Standard or Tile

Galvanized or Bonderized

Copper
10′ only

Half Round Double Bead Gutter

10′ lengths 4″,
5″, 6″

20′ lengths in 5″ or 6″

Galvanized, Bonderzied or Copper
Half Round Single Bead Gutter
4″, 5″ or 6″
in 10′

Galvanized, Bonderzied or Copper

Half Round Single Bead – 1″ Wing

4″,
5″, 6″

 

4″, 5″ in 10′ only
6″ in 10′ or 20′
Galvanized, Bonderzied or Copper
Style Gutter With No Wing
4″
Copper 10″ only
5″
Copper in 10′ or 20′

4″ NA in Bonderized

4″ NA in Bonderized

Galvanized, Bonderzied or Copper

K” Style Gutter with 1″ Wing
4″
or 6″ Copper 10″ only
5K or 6K
Copper in 10′ or 20′
Galvanized, Bonderzied or Copper

http://www.awardmetals.com/product_drainage.htm